How Mutual Funds Work: A Beginner's Guide to Investing


In India, mutual funds have gained significant popularity among individuals looking to grow their wealth. If one is new to the world of finance and investing, this blog post will provide a clear understanding of mutual funds in India and how they work.

What is a Mutual Fund?

A mutual fund is an investment vehicle that pools money from various investors to create a diversified portfolio of securities such as stocks, bonds, and other assets. These funds are managed by professionals known as fund managers, who make investment decisions on behalf of the investors.

How do Mutual Funds Work?

When an investor invests in a mutual fund, he essentially buys units of the fund. The value of each unit is known as the Net Asset Value (NAV). It is calculated by dividing the total value of the fund's assets by the number of units outstanding and is published daily.

Investors can invest in mutual funds through various channels like banks, asset management companies, and online platforms. The minimum investment amount required to invest in a mutual fund can vary depending on the fund type and the fund house.

What is the Role of an Asset Management Company?

An asset management company (AMC) is a financial institution that manages a mutual fund and oversees its operations. It hires experienced professionals who analyse the market, identify investment opportunities, and manage the fund's portfolio.

When it comes to ensuring the efficient functioning of the mutual fund and safeguarding the interests of the investors, the AMC handles it all.

What is the Role of a Fund Manager?

A fund manager is the key decision-maker who manages the day-to-day operations of the mutual fund. They are responsible for analysing market trends, selecting suitable investment opportunities, and managing the fund's portfolio to maximise returns. The expertise and experience of the fund manager play a vital role in the success of a mutual fund.

Types of Mutual Funds

There are two main types of mutual funds – dividend and growth funds.

Dividend funds: These distribute a portion of the fund's profits to the investors in the form of dividends. These dividends can be received periodically, providing investors with a regular income stream.

Growth funds: These reinvest the profits back into the fund, aiming for capital appreciation over the long term. Investors in growth funds can benefit from the potential for higher returns but may not receive regular income in the form of dividends.


Mutual funds offer the best of both worlds. Investors get the best investment management along with reduced risk levels. To learn more about mutual fund investment options, click here.

Disclaimer: Mutual Fund investments are subject to market risks, read all scheme related documents carefully. The NAVs of the schemes may go up or down depending upon the factors and forces affecting the securities market including the fluctuations in the interest rates. The past performance of the mutual funds is not necessarily indicative of future performance of the schemes. The Mutual Fund investments are not guaranteeing or assuring any dividend under any of the schemes and the same is subject to the availability and adequacy of distributable surplus. Investors are requested to review the prospectus carefully and obtain expert professional advice with regard to specific legal, tax and financial implications of the investment/participation in the scheme.

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