Thiruvathirakali is a dance form performed by women on the day of Thiruvathira to the accompaniment of Thiruvathira paattu. Thiruvathira paattu constitutes of folk songs that tell the tales of lovesick Parvathi, her longing and penance for Lord Shiva's affection and Shiva's might and power. The sinuous movements executed by the group of dancers around a nilavilakku embody lasya or the amorous charm and grace of the feminine. The dance follows a circular, pirouetting pattern accompanied by clapping of the hands and singing. Today, Thiruvathirakali has become a popular dance form for all seasons.
Thiruvathira kali is a typical dance form of Kerala. This is a female group dance made up of simple yet very attractive steps. In ancient times, women performed this dance in their homes during festivals and functions, giving it the Malayalam name Kaikottikali, meaning ‘a play of clapping hands'. Lore has it that Thiruvathira Kali is in memory of Lord Siva taking Parvathi as his wife. A group of women dressed in typical Kerala style mundu and neriyathu and the hair bun adorned with jasmine garlands perform this dance during festival seasons. Thiruvathira Kali spreads the message of joy and also illustrates the emotions of a married woman towards her beloved and of the unmarried woman longing for one.


Raas or Dandiya Raas is a socio-religious folk dance which originated in Gujarat and is popularly performed during the festival of Navaratri. The dance is performed in the Marwar region of the Rajasthan too. Dandiya Raas, Gopgunthan Solanga Raas and Mer Dandiya Raas are the popular forms of Raas. In Saurashtra, Raas is performed by men while the dance performed by women is known as Raasda. The element of dance is more prominent in Raas while music is more prominent in Raasda.
Both men and women traditionally perform Dandiya Raas and the dance operates in pairs, meaning the group must contain an even number. Generally two lines are formed, with partners facing each other: The lines move clockwise, and each person steps forward to hit sticks with their partner, and then moves on two places to a new partner. At the end of the line, each turns and joins the opposite line, so the movement is continuous.
Dandiya Raas is performed in an eight-beat time cycle called Kaherva. On the first beat, the sticks in right and left hands are hit together. It is then followed by hitting the right stick with that of the partner, and the same routine is repeated with left sticks (or the same stick if using one) next. Each one then turns away to the left to hit their own sticks together before turning back to the partner to hit right sticks again. They then move on two places to a new partner.