Nangiarkoothu or Nangiaramma-koothu is a Sanskrit dance-theatre with an antiquity of at least 1500 years. A sister-form of Koodiyattam, it is traditionally performed by the members of Nangiar community (female) in designated temples in Kerala. The subject matter of the performance constitutes of verses from 'Sree Krishna Charitam', the story of Lord Krishna. During the performance, a single actress assumes the roles of various characters in the narrative and enacts the story through a highly formalized system of hand gestures, expression of 'rasa'(emotion), recitation of verses and some unique stage techniques. The performer is accompanied by a Nambiar on the Mizhavu (copper pot drum) and another Nangiar on the 'hollow' cymbals.
The performer after making a formal entry and going through some preliminaries sits on the stool and narrates (by hand gestures) a gist of the story by recalling previous incidents in the narrative. She then stands and commences to narrate the story that has been chosen for the performance that day. The actor would use mudras or hand gestures to narrate the event. In the course of the performance, the plot would unfold through the actions and exchanges of various characters in the story. The stage technique of mono-acting is referred to as 'pakarnattam'. The narrative would then again shift to the description of the main episode.


Manipuri Dance, also known as Jagoi, is one of the major Indian classical dance forms, named after the region of its origin – Manipur, a state in northeastern India. It is particularly known for its Hindu Vaishnavism themes, and exquisite performances of love-inspired dance drama of Radha-Krishna called Raslila. However, the dance is also performed to themes related to Shaivism, Shaktism and regional deities such as Umang Lai during Lai Haraoba.
The roots of Manipuri dance, as with all classical Indian dances, are in the ancient Hindu Sanskrit text Natya Shastra, with influences from various local folk dance forms. According to the traditional legend, the indigenous people of the Manipur valley were the dance-experts revered as Gandharvas in the Hindu epics (Ramayana and Mahabharata), suggesting that a dance tradition has existed in Manipur since antiquity. The first reliably dated written texts describing the art of Manipuri dance are from the early 18th century.
The traditional Manipuri Ras Lila is performed in three styles – Tal Rasak, Danda Rasak and Mandal Rasak. A Tal Rasak is accompanied with clapping, while Danda Rasak is performed by the synchronous beating of two sticks but the dancers position it differently to create geometric patterns. The Mandal Rasak places the Gopis in a circle and the Krishna character at the center, for them to subsequently dance in this mandala.