CALENDER-JAN-2020

CHENDA

Chenda is a cylindrical percussion instrument used widely in the state of Kerala, Tulu Nadu of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. In Tulu Nadu (Coastal Karnataka), the instrument is known as chande.
 
Chenda is played prominently during festivals and as an accompaniment to various religious art forms of Kerala. The instrument is also played in Kathakali, Koodiyattam, Kannyar Kali, Theyyam and many other forms of dances and rituals in Kerala. It is also played in a dance-drama called Yakshagana (Tenku Thittu) which is popular in Tulu Nadu in Karnataka. There is a variant of this instrument used in the northern school of Yakshagana called Chande. Today, Chenda is the foremost musical instrument in all forms of cultural activities in Kerala.
 
 

DHOL

Dhol can refer to any one of a number of similar types of double-headed drums widely used throughout the Indian subcontinent.
 
The Punjabi dhol is found in the states of Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, and Delhi. The beats of the dhol has been an element in the ceremonies of great Sufi mystics and their followers. 
 
The dhol is a double-sided barrel drum played mostly as an accompanying instrument in regional music forms. In relation to qawwali music, the term dhol is used to describe a similar but smaller drum, used with the smaller tabla, as a replacement for the left hand tabla drum. The typical sizes of the drum vary slightly from region to region. In Punjab, the dhol remains large and bulky, to produce the preferred loud bass. In other regions, dhols can be found in varying shapes and sizes that are made with different woods and materials (fiberglass, steel, plastic, etc.). The drum consists of a wooden barrel with animal hide or synthetic skin stretched over its open ends, covering them completely. These skins can be stretched or loosened with a tightening mechanism made up of either interwoven ropes, or nuts and bolts. Tightening or loosening the skins subtly alters the pitch of the drum sound. The stretched skin on one of the ends is thicker and produces a deep, low frequency (higher bass) sound and the other thinner one produces a higher frequency sound. Dhols with synthetic, or plastic, treble skins also are common.