CALENDER-DEC-2020

MOHINIYATTAM

Mohiniyattam is one of the eight classical dances of India that developed and remained popular in the state of Kerala. Mohiniyattam dance gets its name from the word Mohini – a mythical enchantress avatar of the Hindu god Vishnu, who helped the good prevail over evil using her feminine powers.
 
Mohiniyattam's roots, like all classical Indian dances, are in the Natya Shastra – the ancient Hindu Sanskrit text on performance arts. It is traditionally a solo dance performed by women after extensive training. The repertoire of Mohiniyattam typically includes the music in Carnatic style, the singing and acting of the play through dance, where the recitation may be either by a separate vocalist or the dancer herself. The song is typically in Malayalam-Sanskrit hybrid called Manipravalam.
 
Mohiniyattam was revived in the 1930s by the nationalist Malayalam poet Vallathol Narayana Menon, who helped repeal the ban on temple dancing in Kerala. He also established the Kerala Kalamandalam dance school and encouraged Mohiniyattam studies, training and practice. Other significant champions of Mohiniyattam in the 20th century have been Mukundraja, Krishna Panicker, Thankamony, as well as the guru and dancer Kalamandalam Kalyanikutty Amma.
 
 

BHARATHANATYAM

Dhol can refer to any one of a number of similar types of double-headed drums widely used throughout the Indian subcontinent.
 
The Punjabi dhol is found in the states of Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, and Delhi. The beats of the dhol has been an element in the ceremonies of great Sufi mystics and their followers. 
 
The dhol is a double-sided barrel drum played mostly as an accompanying instrument in regional music forms. In relation to qawwali music, the term dhol is used to describe a similar but smaller drum, used with the smaller tabla, as a replacement for the left hand tabla drum. The typical sizes of the drum vary slightly from region to region. In Punjab, the dhol remains large and bulky, to produce the preferred loud bass. In other regions, dhols can be found in varying shapes and sizes that are made with different woods and materials (fiberglass, steel, plastic, etc.). The drum consists of a wooden barrel with animal hide or synthetic skin stretched over its open ends, covering them completely. These skins can be stretched or loosened with a tightening mechanism made up of either interwoven ropes, or nuts and bolts. Tightening or loosening the skins subtly alters the pitch of the drum sound. The stretched skin on one of the ends is thicker and produces a deep, low frequency (higher bass) sound and the other thinner one produces a higher frequency sound. Dhols with synthetic, or plastic, treble skins also are common.